Cleaning agents are an essential part of our daily lives. From keeping our homes spick and span to maintaining hygiene in our workplaces, these chemicals play a vital role in ensuring a clean and healthy environment. However, beyond their obvious use of cleaning surfaces and removing dirt, there are many other applications of cleaning agents that you may not be aware of. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the three essential uses of cleaning agents, from their role in personal care to their importance in industrial processes. So, buckle up and get ready to learn about the versatility of these remarkable chemicals!
What are Cleaning Agents?
Definition and Types
Cleaning agents are substances or mixtures used to remove dirt, stains, or impurities from surfaces. They are typically liquids or powders that, when mixed with water, produce a solution suitable for cleaning various materials, such as floors, walls, clothing, and household items. Cleaning agents can be classified into three main categories based on their composition and function:
- Soap-based cleaners: These are the most common type of cleaning agents and are derived from natural or synthetic sources. They work by emulsifying oils and other substances, allowing them to be removed from surfaces with ease. Examples include laundry detergent, dish soap, and hand soap.
- Chemical cleaners: These cleaning agents are synthetic compounds designed to break down and dissolve stubborn stains and grime. They often contain harsh chemicals, such as bleach or ammonia, which can be dangerous if used improperly. Examples include oven cleaners, toilet bowl cleaners, and glass cleaners.
- Natural cleaners: These cleaning agents are made from plant-based or mineral-based ingredients and are considered eco-friendly. They often rely on physical properties, such as surface tension or adsorption, to remove dirt and stains. Examples include baking soda, vinegar, and essential oils.
Understanding the different types of cleaning agents is crucial for selecting the appropriate product for the task at hand. In the next section, we will explore the three essential uses of cleaning agents in more detail.
Chemical vs. Natural Cleaning Agents
When it comes to cleaning agents, there are two main categories: chemical and natural. Chemical cleaning agents are typically made from synthetic compounds, while natural cleaning agents are made from more eco-friendly materials. Both types of cleaning agents have their own advantages and disadvantages, which will be discussed in detail below.
Chemical Cleaning Agents
Chemical cleaning agents are often used in commercial cleaning due to their powerful cleaning abilities and ability to quickly remove tough stains and dirt. Some examples of chemical cleaning agents include bleach, ammonia, and acids. These cleaning agents are often used in conjunction with one another to achieve the best results.
Pros of Chemical Cleaning Agents
- Quick and effective at removing tough stains and dirt
- Available in a variety of forms, including liquids, powders, and sprays
- Often less expensive than natural cleaning agents
Cons of Chemical Cleaning Agents
- Can be harmful to humans and pets if used improperly or inhaled in large quantities
- Can be harmful to the environment if not disposed of properly
- May cause skin irritation or other allergic reactions in some individuals
Natural Cleaning Agents
Natural cleaning agents are made from eco-friendly materials such as baking soda, vinegar, and essential oils. These cleaning agents are often considered to be safer and more natural than chemical cleaning agents, but may not be as effective at removing tough stains and dirt.
Pros of Natural Cleaning Agents
- Generally considered to be safer and more natural than chemical cleaning agents
- Often more affordable than chemical cleaning agents
- Can be made at home using common household items
Cons of Natural Cleaning Agents
- May not be as effective at removing tough stains and dirt as chemical cleaning agents
- May not be available in as many forms as chemical cleaning agents
- May not be as widely available as chemical cleaning agents
In conclusion, both chemical and natural cleaning agents have their own advantages and disadvantages. It is important to consider the specific needs of the cleaning job at hand when choosing which type of cleaning agent to use.
The Three Essential Uses of Cleaning Agents
1. Cleaning and Sanitizing Surfaces
When it comes to cleaning and sanitizing surfaces, there are a variety of cleaning agents that can be used to effectively remove dirt, grime, and other contaminants. Some of the most common cleaning agents used for this purpose include soaps, detergents, and disinfectants.
- Soaps: Soaps are a type of cleaning agent that are commonly used to remove dirt and grime from surfaces. They work by breaking up the oils and other substances that can build up on surfaces over time, making it easier to wipe them away. Soaps are often used in conjunction with water to create a cleaning solution that can be applied to surfaces and then wiped away with a cloth or sponge.
- Detergents: Detergents are another type of cleaning agent that are commonly used to clean surfaces. They are often used in laundry, but can also be used on hard surfaces such as floors and countertops. Detergents work by emulsifying grease and other substances, making it easier to remove them from surfaces.
- Disinfectants: Disinfectants are cleaning agents that are specifically designed to kill germs and other microorganisms on surfaces. They are often used in hospitals and other healthcare settings, but can also be used in homes and other environments to help prevent the spread of illness. Disinfectants can be applied to surfaces and then allowed to sit for a certain amount of time before being wiped away with a cloth or sponge.
It is important to note that when using cleaning agents to clean and sanitize surfaces, it is important to follow the manufacturer’s instructions carefully. Some cleaning agents can be harmful if used improperly, and it is important to take appropriate precautions to protect yourself and others. Additionally, it is important to properly dispose of cleaning agents once they have been used to avoid any potential hazards.
2. Laundry and Clothing Care
When it comes to laundry and clothing care, cleaning agents play a crucial role in ensuring that our clothes look and feel their best. From removing stains and dirt to freshening up fabrics, cleaning agents are an essential part of the laundry process. In this section, we will explore the different types of cleaning agents used for laundry and clothing care, as well as their benefits and proper usage.
Types of Cleaning Agents for Laundry and Clothing Care
There are several types of cleaning agents that can be used for laundry and clothing care, including:
- Detergents: These are the most common type of cleaning agent used for laundry. Detergents are designed to remove dirt and stains from clothing, and they come in both liquid and powder form.
- Bleach: Bleach is a powerful cleaning agent that is commonly used to whiten clothing and remove tough stains. It can be added to the wash water or applied directly to stains.
- Fabric softeners: Fabric softeners are used to make clothes feel softer and fresher. They work by coating the fibers of the fabric, which can help to reduce static electricity and make clothes feel smoother.
- Stain removers: Stain removers are designed to remove specific types of stains from clothing. They can be applied directly to the stain or added to the wash water.
Benefits of Using Cleaning Agents for Laundry and Clothing Care
Using cleaning agents for laundry and clothing care has several benefits, including:
- Removing dirt and stains: Cleaning agents are designed to remove dirt and stains from clothing, which can help to keep clothes looking cleaner and fresher for longer.
- Freshening up fabrics: Cleaning agents can help to freshen up fabrics, making clothes smell fresher and feel softer.
- Saving time and effort: Using cleaning agents can save time and effort when it comes to laundry and clothing care. By using these products, you can quickly and easily remove dirt and stains, making the laundry process much more efficient.
Proper Usage of Cleaning Agents for Laundry and Clothing Care
To get the best results from cleaning agents, it’s important to use them properly. Here are some tips for using cleaning agents for laundry and clothing care:
- Follow the instructions on the label: Always follow the instructions on the label of the cleaning agent you are using. This will help to ensure that you are using the product correctly and getting the best results.
- Use the right amount: Use the right amount of cleaning agent for the size of your load. Using too much cleaning agent can cause problems such as excessive foaming or residue, while using too little may not be effective at removing dirt and stains.
- Choose the right cleaning agent for the fabric: Different cleaning agents are designed for different types of fabrics. Make sure you choose the right cleaning agent for the fabric you are cleaning to avoid damaging it.
- Avoid overloading the washing machine: Overloading the washing machine can reduce the effectiveness of the cleaning agent and may cause problems such as wrinkling or shrinking. Make sure you follow the recommended guidelines for the size of your load.
3. Kitchen and Food Preparation
In the kitchen, cleaning agents play a crucial role in maintaining hygiene and ensuring food safety. The use of appropriate cleaning agents is essential for the removal of food residues, grease, and other contaminants that can harbor bacteria and cause illness. In addition, cleaning agents are also used to sanitize surfaces and utensils to prevent the spread of illness.
Importance of Cleaning Agents in Kitchen and Food Preparation
The importance of cleaning agents in the kitchen cannot be overstated. They help to prevent the spread of illness by removing harmful bacteria and other contaminants from surfaces and utensils. Cleaning agents also help to maintain a clean and hygienic environment, which is essential for food safety.
Types of Cleaning Agents Used in Kitchen and Food Preparation
There are various types of cleaning agents used in the kitchen, including detergents, disinfectants, and sanitizers. Detergents are used to remove dirt and stains from surfaces, while disinfectants are used to kill bacteria and viruses on surfaces. Sanitizers, on the other hand, are used to reduce the number of bacteria on surfaces to a safe level.
Choosing the Right Cleaning Agent for the Task
Choosing the right cleaning agent is crucial for effective cleaning and sanitation in the kitchen. Different cleaning agents are suitable for different tasks, and it is important to choose the right one for the job. For example, a strong disinfectant may be necessary for cleaning surfaces that come into contact with raw meat, while a milder detergent may be sufficient for cleaning dishes and utensils.
Safety Considerations When Using Cleaning Agents
Safety is an important consideration when using cleaning agents in the kitchen. It is important to follow the manufacturer’s instructions for use and to wear appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) when handling cleaning agents. In addition, it is important to store cleaning agents out of reach of children and pets to prevent accidental ingestion.
Best Practices for Using Cleaning Agents in Kitchen and Food Preparation
To ensure effective cleaning and sanitation in the kitchen, it is important to follow best practices when using cleaning agents. This includes:
- Using the right cleaning agent for the task at hand
- Following the manufacturer’s instructions for use
- Wearing appropriate PPE when handling cleaning agents
- Storing cleaning agents out of reach of children and pets
- Rinsing and sanitizing surfaces and utensils before use
- Regularly cleaning and sanitizing high-touch surfaces such as countertops, handles, and faucets
By following these best practices, you can help to maintain a clean and hygienic kitchen environment, which is essential for food safety and the prevention of illness.
Choosing the Right Cleaning Agent
Factors to Consider
When selecting a cleaning agent, there are several factors to consider. Here are some key considerations:
- Surface Material: The type of surface you are cleaning is crucial. Different cleaning agents are suitable for different surfaces. For example, oil-based cleaners may damage wood surfaces, while acids can corrode metal. Therefore, it is essential to choose a cleaner that is safe for the surface you are cleaning.
- Level of Soil: The level of soil or dirt on the surface also matters. Some cleaning agents are suitable for light soil, while others are better for heavy soil. It is essential to choose a cleaner that can effectively remove the level of soil you are dealing with.
- Safety: Safety is an essential factor to consider when choosing a cleaning agent. Some cleaning agents can be hazardous to human health or the environment. Therefore, it is crucial to choose a cleaner that is safe to use and does not pose any health or environmental risks.
- Cost: Cost is also an essential factor to consider when choosing a cleaning agent. Different cleaning agents can vary in price, and it is essential to choose one that fits your budget without compromising on quality or effectiveness.
- Ease of Use: Ease of use is also an essential factor to consider. Some cleaning agents may require special equipment or techniques to use effectively, while others may be more straightforward. It is essential to choose a cleaner that is easy to use and does not require special equipment or techniques.
- Environmental Impact: The environmental impact of the cleaning agent is also an essential factor to consider. Some cleaning agents may be hazardous to the environment, while others may be eco-friendly. It is crucial to choose a cleaner that has a minimal environmental impact.
- Brand Reputation: The reputation of the brand is also an essential factor to consider. Some brands are known for producing high-quality cleaning agents, while others may not be as reliable. It is essential to choose a cleaner from a reputable brand that is known for producing effective and safe cleaning agents.
Environmentally Friendly Options
When it comes to choosing the right cleaning agent, many people are now opting for environmentally friendly options. This is due to growing concerns about the impact of traditional cleaning products on the environment. Here are some environmentally friendly options to consider:
- Natural cleaning products: These products are made from natural ingredients such as baking soda, vinegar, and essential oils. They are non-toxic and biodegradable, making them a safe and eco-friendly option.
- Reusable cleaning cloths: Instead of using disposable paper towels or cleaning cloths, reusable cloths can be used again and again, reducing waste and saving money in the long run.
- Energy-efficient cleaning machines: Using energy-efficient cleaning machines, such as those with the ENERGY STAR label, can help reduce energy consumption and lower your carbon footprint.
- Recycling cleaning containers: Recycling cleaning containers, such as bottles and sprays, can help reduce waste and conserve resources.
- Using microfiber cleaning cloths: Microfiber cleaning cloths are made from small fibers that are designed to trap dirt and dust, making them more effective than traditional cleaning cloths. They can be washed and reused, reducing waste and saving money.
Overall, choosing environmentally friendly cleaning options can help reduce your impact on the environment while still achieving a clean and healthy home.
Using Cleaning Agents Safely and Effectively
Reading Labels and Instructions
Cleaning agents come with labels and instructions for a reason. It is crucial to read and understand them to use the products safely and effectively. The labels provide important information such as the intended use, the hazards of the product, and the precautions that should be taken. The instructions provide details on how to use the product, how much to use, and how often to use it.
Here are some tips for reading labels and instructions:
- Look for the hazard warning symbols. These symbols indicate the potential hazards of the product and the precautions that should be taken.
- Read the instructions carefully. The instructions provide details on how to use the product safely and effectively.
- Pay attention to the usage rate. Using too much or too little of the product can be ineffective or dangerous.
- Follow the recommended frequency of use. Overuse of cleaning agents can cause damage to surfaces and materials.
- Store the product safely. Follow the storage instructions to prevent accidents and ensure the product remains effective.
By reading labels and instructions, you can avoid accidental exposure to hazardous chemicals, protect your health and the environment, and ensure that the cleaning agent is used effectively.
Precautions and Safety Tips
When using cleaning agents, it is essential to take proper precautions to ensure safety and effectiveness. Here are some tips to keep in mind:
- Read the label: Before using any cleaning agent, read the label carefully to understand the instructions for safe and effective use. Pay attention to any warnings or precautions listed on the label.
- Wear protective gear: Cleaning agents can be hazardous, so it is important to wear protective gear such as gloves, safety goggles, and a dust mask when handling them. This will help protect your skin, eyes, and lungs from exposure to harmful chemicals.
- Ventilate the area: Open windows and doors to allow for proper ventilation when using cleaning agents. This will help prevent the buildup of fumes and minimize the risk of respiratory problems.
- Avoid mixing cleaning agents: Never mix different cleaning agents, as this can create hazardous chemical reactions. Always use one cleaning agent at a time and follow the recommended dilution ratio.
- Store cleaning agents properly: Store cleaning agents in a safe and secure location, away from children and pets. Keep them in their original containers and out of reach of children and pets to prevent accidental ingestion or exposure.
- Dispose of cleaning agents properly: When disposing of cleaning agents, follow local regulations and guidelines for hazardous waste disposal. Never pour them down the drain or into the trash.
By following these precautions and safety tips, you can ensure that you are using cleaning agents safely and effectively while minimizing the risk of harm to yourself and others.
Storing and Disposing of Cleaning Agents
Best Practices for Storage
Proper storage of cleaning agents is crucial to ensure their effectiveness and safety when needed. Here are some best practices for storing cleaning agents:
- Store cleaning agents in a cool, dry place, away from direct sunlight and sources of heat.
- Keep cleaning agents in their original containers, and avoid mixing different types of cleaning agents.
- If possible, store cleaning agents in a separate storage area, away from food and other household items.
- Keep cleaning agents out of reach of children and pets to prevent accidental ingestion or contact.
- Do not store cleaning agents in containers that are not designed for their use, as this can lead to leakage or spillage.
- Always check the expiration date of cleaning agents and discard any that are expired or past their shelf life.
By following these best practices for storing cleaning agents, you can help ensure that they remain effective and safe to use when needed.
Proper Disposal Methods
Proper disposal of cleaning agents is essential to protect the environment and human health. Improper disposal can lead to pollution of waterways, soil, and air, and can even cause harm to people and animals. Therefore, it is important to know the correct methods for disposing of cleaning agents.
Here are some general guidelines for proper disposal of cleaning agents:
- Liquid cleaning agents: Should be poured into a sealable container with a lid, and then disposed of in the trash.
- Solid cleaning agents: Should be wrapped in paper towels or other absorbent material and then disposed of in the trash.
- Aerosol cans: Should be punctured before disposal to release the pressure. Then, they should be placed in a sealable container and disposed of in the trash.
- Hazardous cleaning agents: Should be disposed of according to local regulations, which may include taking them to a hazardous waste collection site.
It is important to check the label of the cleaning agent for specific disposal instructions, as some products may have unique disposal requirements. Additionally, it is recommended to check with local authorities to determine the proper disposal methods for the area.
It is also important to remember that cleaning agents should never be poured down the drain or flushed down the toilet, as this can cause problems for the sewage system and the environment.
Common Cleaning Agent Mistakes to Avoid
Overuse or Underuse of Cleaning Agents
One of the most common mistakes when using cleaning agents is either overusing or underusing them. Both can lead to ineffective cleaning and potential damage to surfaces.
Overuse of Cleaning Agents
Overusing cleaning agents can result in excessive buildup of suds or foam, which can be difficult to remove and may leave a residue on surfaces. This can also lead to streaking or spots on surfaces that were not properly cleaned. Additionally, using too much cleaner can be costly and wasteful.
Underuse of Cleaning Agents
On the other hand, underusing cleaning agents can result in inadequate cleaning, leaving dirt and grime behind. This can lead to the need for additional cleaning efforts and may cause damage to surfaces over time. Additionally, using too little cleaner can be inefficient and may require more frequent cleaning.
It is important to follow the recommended usage guidelines for each specific cleaning agent to avoid these mistakes. This can help ensure effective cleaning while also protecting surfaces from damage.
Using the Wrong Cleaning Agent for the Job
Selecting the right cleaning agent is crucial to ensure effective cleaning and maintain the integrity of surfaces. One of the most common mistakes people make is using the wrong cleaning agent for the job. This can lead to ineffective cleaning, damage to surfaces, or even create new stains and residues. Here are some tips to help you avoid this mistake:
- Understand the surface: Before choosing a cleaning agent, it’s important to understand the surface you’re cleaning. Different surfaces have different needs and may require different types of cleaning agents. For example, granite countertops need a different type of cleaner than porcelain tiles.
- Read the label: Pay attention to the label on the cleaning agent and follow the instructions carefully. Some cleaning agents may be labeled as multi-surface, but they may not be suitable for all surfaces.
- Avoid mixing cleaning agents: Never mix different cleaning agents, as this can create a toxic and ineffective cleaning solution. Always use one cleaning agent at a time and rinse thoroughly before moving on to the next step.
- Consider the color and texture: Some cleaning agents may affect the color or texture of surfaces. For example, bleach can discolor natural stone and some types of wood. Be sure to choose a cleaning agent that won’t damage the surface you’re cleaning.
- Test a small area first: Before using a cleaning agent on a large area, test it on a small, inconspicuous spot to ensure it won’t damage the surface. This is especially important when working with delicate or expensive surfaces.
By following these tips, you can avoid using the wrong cleaning agent for the job and ensure your surfaces are cleaned effectively and safely.
The Future of Cleaning Agents: Innovations and Trends
Green Cleaning Technologies
Green cleaning technologies have emerged as a response to the growing concern for the environment and the need to reduce the impact of cleaning agents on the environment. These technologies are designed to be more sustainable and eco-friendly than traditional cleaning methods. Some of the green cleaning technologies that are currently being developed and used include:
- Biodegradable cleaning agents: These are cleaning agents that can be broken down by natural processes, such as bacteria and fungi, without causing harm to the environment. They are made from natural sources, such as plant-based surfactants, and are free from toxic chemicals.
- Enzymatic cleaning: This technology uses enzymes to break down organic matter, such as grease and grime, instead of using harsh chemicals. Enzymatic cleaning is more effective than traditional cleaning methods and is safer for the environment.
- Ultrasonic cleaning: This technology uses high-frequency sound waves to clean surfaces, without the need for chemicals. It is particularly effective for cleaning delicate surfaces, such as glass and metal, and is also environmentally friendly.
- Microfiber cleaning: This technology uses microfibers to absorb dirt and dust, instead of relying on chemicals to dissolve them. Microfiber cleaning is more effective than traditional cleaning methods and is also safer for the environment.
These green cleaning technologies are gaining popularity as more people become aware of the environmental impact of cleaning agents. They offer a sustainable alternative to traditional cleaning methods and are becoming increasingly accessible to consumers.
Smart Cleaning Solutions
Cleaning agents have come a long way from the traditional soap and water solutions. Today, the market is flooded with innovative cleaning products that not only promise to keep our homes and workplaces clean but also improve our overall health and well-being. One of the most exciting trends in the cleaning industry is the development of smart cleaning solutions.
Smart cleaning solutions are designed to be more efficient, effective, and convenient than traditional cleaning products. These solutions use advanced technologies to deliver a more personalized cleaning experience, tailored to the specific needs of each individual.
One of the key benefits of smart cleaning solutions is their ability to automate the cleaning process. Many of these products are equipped with sensors and algorithms that can detect dirt and grime and automatically adjust the cleaning process accordingly. This means that users don’t have to worry about manually cleaning their homes or workplaces, freeing up more time for other activities.
Another advantage of smart cleaning solutions is their focus on sustainability. Many of these products are designed to be eco-friendly and use natural, non-toxic ingredients that are safe for both people and the environment. This is a significant departure from traditional cleaning products, which often contain harsh chemicals that can be harmful to human health and the environment.
In addition to their automation and sustainability features, smart cleaning solutions also offer a more customized cleaning experience. Many of these products allow users to select their preferred cleaning settings, such as the level of intensity or the type of surface being cleaned. This means that users can tailor their cleaning experience to their specific needs and preferences, ensuring that their homes and workplaces are cleaned to their exact specifications.
Overall, smart cleaning solutions represent a significant step forward in the cleaning industry. These innovative products offer a more efficient, effective, and sustainable cleaning experience, while also providing a more personalized and customized approach to cleaning. As these products continue to evolve and improve, they have the potential to transform the way we clean our homes and workplaces, making them cleaner, healthier, and more sustainable for everyone.
1. What are cleaning agents?
Cleaning agents are substances or mixtures used to remove dirt, stains, or impurities from surfaces. They can be liquid, powder, or gel-based and are often formulated to be effective against specific types of soil or stains. Common cleaning agents include soaps, detergents, bleach, and ammonia.
2. What are the three essential uses of cleaning agents?
The three essential uses of cleaning agents are to remove dirt and stains, sanitize surfaces, and deodorize spaces. These agents are designed to tackle a wide range of cleaning tasks, from removing grease and grime to killing germs and eliminating unpleasant odors.
3. How do cleaning agents remove dirt and stains?
Cleaning agents remove dirt and stains by breaking down and dissolving the soil or stain, making it easier to wipe or rinse away. Some cleaning agents, like bleach, are particularly effective at killing bacteria and viruses, making them useful for sanitizing surfaces in homes, offices, and public spaces.
4. How do cleaning agents sanitize surfaces?
Cleaning agents sanitize surfaces by killing germs and bacteria that can cause illness. Many cleaning agents contain antimicrobial agents, such as triclosan or chloroxylenol, which are specifically designed to inhibit the growth of bacteria and viruses. Sanitizing surfaces is particularly important in areas where food is prepared or eaten, such as kitchens and restaurants.
5. How do cleaning agents deodorize spaces?
Cleaning agents deodorize spaces by masking or removing unpleasant odors. Some cleaning agents, like those containing enzymes, are specifically designed to break down organic matter and eliminate odors caused by pet urine, mildew, or other sources. Other cleaning agents may contain fragrances or other scents that help to mask unpleasant odors.
6. Are cleaning agents safe to use?
Cleaning agents can be safe to use if they are used correctly and according to the manufacturer’s instructions. However, some cleaning agents can be hazardous if they are used improperly or in excessive amounts. It is important to read the labels and understand the potential risks associated with each cleaning agent before using them.
7. How often should I clean my home?
The frequency of cleaning will depend on the size of your home, the number of people living in it, and the level of activity. As a general rule, it is recommended to clean high-touch surfaces, such as doorknobs and light switches, daily, and to perform a deeper cleaning of rooms and common areas once a week or every two weeks.
8. Can I mix different cleaning agents together?
It is generally not recommended to mix different cleaning agents together, as this can create a chemical reaction that may be harmful or reduce the effectiveness of the cleaning agents. It is best to use one cleaning agent at a time and to follow the manufacturer’s instructions for use.
9. How do I store cleaning agents?
Cleaning agents should be stored in a cool, dry place, away from direct sunlight and out of reach of children and pets. Some cleaning agents may be flammable or corrosive, so it is important to store them safely and follow any relevant safety guidelines.
10. Can I use the same cleaning agent for all surfaces?
Not all cleaning agents are suitable for all surfaces. Some cleaning agents may be too harsh for delicate surfaces, such as wooden furniture or floors, while others may not be effective against certain types of soil or stains. It is important to choose a cleaning agent that is specifically designed for the surface you are cleaning and to follow the manufacturer’s instructions for use.